China plans to invest 450 billion yuan to develop

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At 11:30 a.m. on July 8, with the signing of three large orders with a total price of more than 600million yuan, Tang Hongjian waved to the audience with a smile. This day is also the 50th anniversary of the founding of Guangdong Electric Power Design and Research Institute

Tang Hongjian is the president of Guangdong Electric Power Design and Research Institute. He leads an enterprise that is influential in the field of nuclear power plant design in China

in 2008, China will start the construction of three nuclear power projects in Ningde, Fuqing, Fujian and Yangjiang, Guangdong

in the next few years, with the completion of various design work, all parties will invest hundreds of billions of yuan for these three projects. However, all this is only the beginning of China's dream of becoming a "nuclear power country", because according to the development plan of China's nuclear power industry, China's total installed capacity of nuclear power will reach 40million kW by 2020, and 18million kW are under construction. This means that in the next ten years, on average, on September 17, 2014, Solvay polymer business department will participate in the 13th International Automotive Training Institute (CTI) Symposium on automotive transmission, hybrid and electric drive technology held in Suzhou, and will start to build 3-4 million KW nuclear power units, which is unique in history

under this blueprint, China will invest at least 450 billion yuan in the next ten years. At the same time, China spent 10 billion yuan on the pre-22 and digital pulse width modulation technology to introduce foreign third-generation nuclear power technology to China and make independent innovation on this basis

in fact, China's "nuclear power blueprint" is not an impulse. In the context of energy shortage, nuclear power has become the most realistic choice. In the future, dozens of nuclear power stations will be built in China, from coastal Guangdong, Zhejiang and Fujian to inland Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi

on Friday, July 4, the last weekend before the contract was signed, the door of Tang Hongjian's office was always open. On this day, subordinates came in and out of his office, ranging from the color of clothes to the order of leaders' speeches. Subordinates reported to him in turn and waited for his confirmation

however, in Tang Hongjian's view, all this is to serve countless days like "July 8" in the future. After all, it is a big business in the unit of "100 million yuan". Before that, they seldom experienced it, but after that, they dreamed of experiencing it every day

the energy crisis plagues China

the nuclear power design business of the research institute is so good. In addition to thanking his colleagues who work day and night, Tang Hongjian also needs to thank the increasingly approaching energy crisis in China

what is the urgency of the energy crisis? Wang Dazhong, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and an expert on nuclear reactor engineering, once explained with a set of data: China has become the world's second largest energy producer and consumer, the largest coal producer and consumer, the second largest oil consumer, oil importer, and the second largest power producer

according to the development goal of quadrupling China's GDP in 2020, the domestic installed power generation capacity is about 800-900 million KW, while the installed capacity is only 400 million KW. However, in the existing power generation structure, single coal power accounts for 74% of them. This also means that if the power demand doubles again, the annual coal consumption will exceed 1.6 billion tons, and the long-distance coal transportation will aggravate the pressure on the environment and transportation. In addition, during the ice disaster in the south at the beginning of this year, due to the difficulties in transportation and the tight supply of electric coal, the coal shortage shutdown exceeded 37million kW, and 19 provinces and regions cut off power. With such a large consumption of electric coal, sulfur dioxide and smoke emissions increase by more than 5million tons and 53.26 million tons respectively every year

in addition, hydropower is limited by objective conditions, and its development is quite difficult. The development of renewable energy such as solar energy and bioenergy has encountered the bottleneck of core technology, and its use cost is very high. Therefore, in the next 30 years, these new energies do not have the conditions to become the main energy in China. Therefore, clean and efficient nuclear power has become an alternative

check whether the power supply is normal

in 1957, mankind began to build nuclear power plants and use nuclear power to generate electricity. Up to now, nuclear power accounts for about 16% of the world's electricity

however, since the Chernobyl nuclear power plant nuclear fuel leak in the former Soviet Union in 1986, nuclear power has become a devil in the hearts of many people, and China is no exception. The global nuclear power industry began to enter a low tide. According to the statistics of the International Atomic Energy Agency, at the end of 2000, there were 438 nuclear power reactors in operation in the world. By March 2003, the number had increased to 441, only 3 more

but the real energy crisis has changed all this

in the context of the energy crisis, people's desire for survival overcame their fear, and the nuclear power plans frozen for more than 30 years in Europe and the United States have also been unfrozen. Meanwhile, affected by many factors, China's nuclear power development strategy is also changing from "moderate" to "positive"

Tang Hongjian likes to use "twists and turns" to describe the development process of China's nuclear power industry. In Tang Hongjian's mind, China's nuclear energy industry had been launched as early as the 1950s, but at that time, it was mainly to break the nuclear monopoly of the two superpowers and enhance China's national defense forces, rather than for the purpose of civil power generation. It was not until the 1970s that Premier Zhou Enlai proposed at the relevant meeting that nuclear power should be used for civil use and commercial nuclear power plants should be built

Shortly after that, Qinshan nuclear power station, China's first commercial nuclear power station, began to be set up and began to generate electricity on December 15, 1991. "This ends the history of no nuclear power in mainland China." Tang Hongjian said

strategic shift of nuclear power industry

"in the past 30 years, although it has been carried out in the form of single arrangement and decentralized construction, and it has never been considered under the general framework of national power planning when preparing for the construction of individual nuclear power projects, China is still one of the few countries in the world with a more complete nuclear industry system", Tang Hongjian said when talking about the development process of China's nuclear power. However, this background was in line with China's strategy of "moderate development" at that time

during this period, the most landmark thing in the history of China's nuclear power industry was completed with the participation of Guangdong Electric Power Design and Research Institute. In 2005, under the chairmanship of Zeng Peiyan, then Vice Premier of the State Council, the relevant design contract of Ling'ao phase II nuclear power project was signed. "This marks that China has the design capacity of large-scale nuclear power plants of one million kilowatts." Tang Hongjian said

that is, by 2020, Guangdong Electric Power Design and research institute won a design contract of nearly 300million yuan for the design project of conventional island, "if it is handed over to foreigners, the design fee alone will be at least 1.2 billion yuan"

but according to Tang Hongjian, the transformation of China's nuclear power development strategy has already shown signs. "In November, 2003, the national nuclear power leading office was changed into the national nuclear power localization leading group, and the idea of vigorously developing nuclear power can be said to have begun to take shape."

On September 1st, 2004, Zhang Huazhu, deputy director of the Commission of science, technology and industry for national defense and director of the National Atomic Energy Agency, revealed at the press conference of the State Council office that the Chinese government had made a new decision to further promote the development of nuclear power, which would accelerate the development of nuclear power and gradually increase the proportion of nuclear power in the total energy supply

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