Members of the chemical industry science and technology circles call for system reform
members of the chemical industry science and technology circles call for system reform
March 5, 2015
[China paint information] under the new normal, the weak innovation ability is the weak link in the development of the petroleum and chemical industry. So, what are the factors that restrict scientific and technological innovation, and how to break through? The CPPCC members attending the third session of the 12th CPPCC National Committee have deep feelings on this topic. On March 3, some CPPCC members from the chemical industry science and technology circles said in an interview with China Chemical Daily that the most urgent thing to enhance the ability of independent innovation is to remove institutional and institutional obstacles, stimulate the vitality of the scientific and technological innovation service industry, and accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Among them, the important guiding role is to speed up the scientific and technological evaluation system. 5. Contact information of the sponsor: system reform
"everyone has published papers. Who will serve the economic and social development?" Zheng Lansun, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, vice chairman of the Central Committee of the Democratic League of China and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, questioned the paper oriented science and technology evaluation system. At present, the evaluation system and system of scientific and technological personnel are still paper oriented, which makes scientific and technological innovation disconnected from the market and enterprises. He also proposed that the current ownership system of intellectual property rights should also be reformed. At present, the property right of scientific research achievements belongs to the unit, and the majority of the income from the transformation of achievements also belongs to the unit, resulting in the lack of enthusiasm of scientific researchers. He said that the intellectual property rights of scientific research achievements should be given to individuals as much as possible
LAN Minbo, member of the CPPCC National Committee and professor of East China University of science and technology, believes that although the basic research results are suitable to be expressed in the form of papers, for application research, we should take the transfer of technology and the effect of industrialized application as the evaluation standard of PEBA for functional flexible plastic parts suitable for prototypes and finished products. LAN Minbo introduced some of his experience in participating in international cooperation. "We have worked on a 12million euro project with the European Union for six years, but the final evaluation standard is not based on papers, but on whether the research results can be industrialized and whether good products can be produced. One third of the participants in the project are basic researchers, one third are application researchers, and one third are enterprise personnel." LAN Minbo said, "when we hold scientific research meetings, some enterprises will see that a certain technology can produce good products. At that time, the problem of achievement transformation has begun to be solved."
transforming good scientific and technological achievements into productivity is a key issue in the transformation and upgrading of the petroleum and chemical industry. Yuan Xigang, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and director of the Institute of chemical engineering of Tianjin University, said that innovation driven SMEs should not be ignored. We have always advocated that scientific research should be dominated by enterprises, but in fact, we are used to applying the achievements of scientific research institutes in state-owned enterprises, large enterprises and large installations, and pay insufficient attention to small and medium-sized enterprises. In Europe, many well-developed regions are supported by small and medium-sized enterprises. Forming a reasonable evaluation mechanism can give full play to the role of small and medium-sized enterprises in the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Some local governments put forward the construction plan of science and technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises, with a very good original intention, but it still takes the output value as the evaluation standard. The definition of successful technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises is not that the larger the scale, the better. 2. It is the problem of pulling speed, but that the products and technology are better
for the hardware support of scientific research, LAN Minbo also proposed to establish a national sharing platform for large-scale instruments with unified standards. At present, some universities and institutes have a large amount of large-scale instruments and low utilization rate, while some enterprises and units lack large-scale instruments. Although the Ministry of education and some regions have promoted the construction of large-scale instrument sharing platforms, the coverage is insufficient, there is a lack of unified standards, and some enterprises still have difficulties in using large-scale instruments